Borobudur: The colossal Monument of Buddha
The magnificent Borobudur temple is the world’s biggest Buddhist monument, an ancient site widely considered to be one of the world’s seven wonders. Built in the 9th century during the reign of the Syailendra dynasty, the temple’s design in Gupta architecture reflects India's influence on the region, yet there are enough indigenous scenes and elements incorporated to make Borobudur uniquely Indonesian.
The temple sits majestically on a hilltop overlooking lush green fields and distant hills. The monument is a marvel of design, decorated with 2,672 relief panels and 504 Buddha statues. The architecture and stonework of this temple has no equal. Built without using any kind of cement or mortar, the structure is like a set of massive interlocking Lego blocks held together without any glue.
This monument is both a shrine to the Lord Buddha and a holy place for Buddhist pilgrimage. The ten levels of the temple symbolize the three divisions of the religion’s cosmic system.
In the 1970’s the Indonesian Government and UNESCO worked together to restore Borobudur to its former majesty. The restoration took eight years to complete and today Borobudur is one of Indonesia and the world’s most valuable treasures.
All photos from indonesia.travel. Except no.16-26 taken by Sunaryo Kusumo.