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West Papua

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West Papua

Description

Papua is the common name that refers to the western half of the Island of New Guinea (Indonesian New Guinea). The province of West Papua, also known as West Irian Jaya, covers the bird’s head of Papua, a large peninsula on Indonesian New Guinea’s far northwest corner, and the small islands that surround it. Geographic boundaries of this province are the Pacific Ocean in the north; Seram Sea in the west; Banda Sea in the south; and Papua province in the east.

Administratively, the Province of West Papua  consists of eight regencies and one municipality. The regencies are Fak-fak, Kaimana, Wondama Bay, Bintuni Bay, Manokwari, Sorong Selatan, Sorong, and Raja Ampat, and the municipality is called Sorong. This province has 103 sub-districts, 47 Villages and 1153 kampong/kampung (small villages).

This province, with its capital is in Manokwari city, has immense natural resource potential including agriculture, mining, forest products and eco-tourism. Pearls and sea weed are the main trade goods of Raja Ampat Regency, while Sorong Selatan Regency is the only regency producing unique traditional woven clothes called Timor clothes. A national Park known as Cendrawasih Bay situated in Wondama Gulf Regency is also the main natural tourism in this Province. And of course, many visitors come to enjoy the marine bio-diversity of Raja Ampat.

History

The Papua region has been visited by global traders since the beginning of the 7th century. European nations kept a presence in the region in the 16th century in the pursuit of various spices.

Irian Jaya became part of the Dutch East Indies in 1828 as West Papua Nugini (or New Guinea), which was then known as West Irian. The region remained occupied by the Netherlands long after Indonesia claimed its independence in 1949. After West Irian’s long freedom struggle, the province eventually reverted to the lap of Indonesia in 1969.

Based on the regulation no. 45 Year 1999, the region covering the bird head of Papua Island is stipulated as West Irian Jaya and it also consists of the small islands of Papua province. Since 7 February 2007, this province was officially named West Irian Jaya, or West Papua.

Entry

The entry point into this province is via Rendani Airport situated in the provincial capital city, Manokwari, to travel throughout West Papua.

Batavia Air and Merpati Air serve daily flights to and from Manokwari via Makassar. Cab services are available in the airport.

People & Culture

The traditional houses of Papua are unique. In Papua, the traditional house, or Honai, is rounded with a coarse grass roof and wooden walls without windows. Traditional musical instruments of Papua are the atowo, tifa and fu.

A unique product of Papua’s indigenous peoples is koteka clothes; a penis sheath made of a hollowed gourd. The size and type of koteka is not related to the status of user. Many ethnic groups in Papua are distinguished by their way of wearing koteka. Furthermore, a short koteka is used when working, and a long decorated koteka is used in traditional ceremonies.

Another interesting aspect of Papua’s tribal and cultural history is mummies, usually just the tribal leaders or war commanders preserved with traditional ingredients in order to glorify their historical or religious importance. There are 3 mummies that can be seen in Papua; Aikima Mummy at Aikama, Jiwika Mummy at Jiwika, and Purno Mummy at Asologaima. The three mummies are located in  Wamena.

There are 24 tribes with different languages spoken daily in Papua. Papua is frequently connected with the Asmat and Dani ethnic groups. A popular product of the Asmat group is wooden sculpture, internationally known for its beauty.

This provincial region is not divided based on the tribes living in the region. The tribes population are spread out in number of regions. For example, the Arfak tribe occupies Arfak the mountain area from Manokwari Regency to Bintuni Regency. The Doteri tribe is a migrant group claiming territory from Numfor Island in the coastal area of Wondama regency. Other groups sharing this area are the Kuri, Simuri, Irarutu, Sebyar, Moscona, Mairasi, Kambouw, Onim, Sekar, Maibrat, Tehit, Imeko, Moi, Tipin, Maya and Biak tribes.

Other minority ethnic groups inhabiting this province include Java, Bugis, Batak, Dayak, Manado, Tionghoa and others.

Cuisine

Papeda is the most famous dish in Papua. It's glue-like in appearance, like a porridge, and best consumed when hot. Instead of chewing it, you should just swallow. Prepare cold water around you to cool down if it feels too hot.

Made from sago pam tree, it takes quite some time to prepare the raw material. One needs to chop down the tree first, then divide it in two. Collect the inside material of the tree and then process it for papeda.

 

Tourism Office

Jl Merdeka 13, Manokwari, Papua Barat
Telp/Fax: +62-967-212646

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Kamaka Lake

Kamaka Lake

 

Kamaka Lake is located in Lomira village, also known as Kamaka village, in Triton Bay, Kaimana, West Papua province. This lake is about 30 kilometers...

Location: » Papua » West Papua , Kab. Fak - Fak

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Sauwandarek Tourism Village

Sauwandarek Tourism Village

 

Sauwandarek Tourism Village is located in the western part of Waisai, the capital city of Raja Ampat district, West Papua province. This village is...

Location: » Papua » West Papua , Kota Sorong

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Raja Ampat

Raja Ampat

 

The roaring engines fixed to a large wooden boat are finally quiet. Nothing can be heard but the rifting little waves, lapping against the vibrant...

Location: » Papua » West Papua , Kab. Raja Ampat

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Cendrawasih Bay National Park: Playground of the spotted Whaleshark

Cendrawasih Bay National Park: Playground of the spotted Whaleshark

 

The large Cendrawasih Bay National Park in the north of the island of Papua, otherwise known as Teluk Cenderawasih, includes Indonesia’s...

Location: » Papua » Papua, West Papua , Kab. Teluk Wondama

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Manokwari

Manokwari

 

The town of Manokwari is located right on the top of the Bird’s Head Peninsula in Papua, otherwise known as West New Guinea or West Irian....

Location: » Papua » West Papua , Kab. Manokwari

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Sorong

Sorong

 

The town of Sorong, located on the “beak” of the Bird’s Head Peninsula in West Papua is the departure point for your visit to the...

Location: » Papua » West Papua

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Wonderful Waigeo Island of Raja Ampat

Wonderful Waigeo Island of Raja Ampat

 

Among the wonderful Raja Ampat Islands, Waigeo is the largest of the archipelago’s four main islands. Waigeo is also known as Amberi, or Waigiu,...

Location: » Papua » West Papua , Kab. Raja Ampat

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Kofiau Island in Raja Ampat –  rarely visited corner of a diver’s Paradise

Kofiau Island in Raja Ampat – rarely visited corner of a diver’s Paradise

 

" ... when you finally see what goes on underwater, you realize that you've been missing the whole point of the ocean. Staying on the surface...

Location: » Papua » West Papua , Kab. Raja Ampat

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