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Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam

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Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam

Description

Aceh is a special territory (daerah istimewa) of Indonesia, located on the northern tip of the island of Sumatra. Its full name is Naggroe Aceh Darussalam. It is thought to have been in Aceh where Islam was first established in Southeast Asia.

In the early sevententh century the Sultanate of Aceh was the most wealthy, powerful and cultivated state in the Malacca Straits region. Aceh has a history of political independence and fierce resistance to control by outsiders, including the former Dutch colonists and the Indonesian goverment.

Aceh has substantial natural resources, including oil and gas - some estimates put Aceh gas reserves as being the largest in the world. Relatively, to most  Indonesia, it is a religiously conservative area. 

History

Aceh, at the northwestern end of Sumatra, came into contact with the outside world as early as the sixth century AD. Chinese chronicles of that time speak of a kingdom on the northern tip of Sumatra named Po-Li. Several Arabic writings of the early ninth century, and later inscriptions found in India mention the area. In 1292, Marco Polo, on his voyage from China to Persia visited Sumatra and reported that on the northern part of Sumatra there were as many as six trading ports including Ferlec, Samudera and Lambri. It is ironic that this area is presently one of the least known of Indonesia.

Islam is reported to have reached Aceh between the seventh and eighth centuries AD and the first Islamic kingdom, Perlak was established in 804 AD. Then followed Samudera Pasai in 1042, Tamiah in 1184, Aceh in 1205 and Darussalam in 1511. In this year the Portuguese captured Malacca and many Asian and Arabic traders sought to avoid the Malacca Strait and called instead on Aceh's port, bringing wealth and prosperity. Aceh's dominance in trade and politics in northern parts of Sumatra began, reaching a climax between 1610 and 1640.

With the death of Sultan Iskandar Thani in 1641, Aceh's decline began. The British and Dutch both started to vie for influence. In 1824 the London Treaty was signed, giving the Dutch control over all British possessions in Sumatra in return for a Dutch surrender of their establishments in India and an abrogation of all claims on Singapore. The Dutch fought a long drawn out struggle in their attempt to subdue the Acehnese. The Aceh War, which lasted intermittently from 1873 to 1942, was the longest ever fought by Holland and cost the Dutch more than 10,000 lives. This struggle has stamped a deep imprint on the Acehnese outlook and mentality.

The era of industrialization arrived, and with it has come a more open attitude towards things alien. Visitors should keep in mind, though, that the Acehnese take their religion, their manners and their morals seriously.

Entry

Banda Aceh is only a forty-five minute flight from Medan. If you depart from Singapore or Kuala Lumpur, it's best if you use a connecting flight to Medan and then to Banda Aceh. If you need to depart from Jakarta, the flight will take about two and half hours from its airport, Soekarno Hatta (CGK).

People & Culture

The city of Banda Aceh, capital of province of Aceh, is 18,5 Km from the site dand takes about 20 minutes by car. The local International airport is about 30 minutes away by car. Many surfers around the world are frequent the nearby of Lhok Nga village during the winter moths. Climate after 10.00 am it gets quite hot but seldom-above 30º C in the shade.

Banda Aceh city was named Kutaraja. On 26 December 2004, this city had damaged by tsunami that damaged about 60% of this city buildings. The city, which is also called Rencong Land, has 9 district, namely:

   1. Baiturahman
   2. Kuta Alam
   3. Meuraxa
   4. Syiah Kuala
   5. Lueng Bata
   6. Ulee Kareng
   7. Banda Raya
   8. Jaya Baru
   9. Kutaraja

Banda Aceh, which was established on April 22, 1205 by Sultan Alaidin Johansyah, is one of the oldest Islamic cities in the South-East Asia. It has been known since the seventeenth century as following.

    * Metropolitan City
    * Trading City (economic)
    * Center of Science
    * Center of Political Activities
    * Center of Islamic Education
    * Center of Islamic Culture in Southeast of Asia

Cuisine

BANDA ACEH
Aroma
Jl. Cut Nyak Dhien 18 Penayong
Phone: (0651) 32779

Braden
Jl. Lhok Nga Km. 8
Phone: (0651) 22056

Cindy Baru
Jl. Cut Nyak Dhien
Phone: (0651) 21761

Taman Tepi Laut
Jl. Lhoknga Km.18
Phone: (0651) 32029

Happy
Jl. A. Yani 74-76 Penayong

Tropicana
Jl. A. Yani 90-92 Penayong
Phone: (0651) 21442

Ujong Batee
Jl. Krueng Raya Km. 14

Asia Utama
Jl. Cut Meutia

Sinar Surya
Jl. Ratu Safiatuddin
Phone: (0651) 22308

LHOKSEUMAWE
Happy
Jl. Sukaramai
Phone: (0645) 21597

Golden
Jl. Perdagangan
Phone: (0645) 22313

Indra Malaya
Jl. Perdagangan
Phone: 21127

Horizon
Jl. Sukaramai No. 43

Bali
Jl. Sukaramai No. 40

Atra Baru
Jl. Cut Meutia

Juriza
Jl.. Sukaramai
Phone : (0645) 21708

TAKENGON
Minang Surya
Jl. Sri Ratu Safiatuddin

Selecta
Jl. Perdagangan
Phone: (0652) 21273

Sinar Surya
Jl. Jend. A. Yani

Sativa
Jl. Khairil Anwar

Sabang
Jl. Perdagangan
Phone: (0652) 21363
   
Al Hilal
Jl. Pasar Inpres

Bismi
Jl. Blang Mesra

Delima
Jl. Malem Diwa

Yusra Baru
Jl. Lebe Kader

Rakan Ayu
Jl. Malem Diwa

Sinar Pagi
Jl. Putri Ijo

Sedap
Jl. Sengeda

SIGLI
Dua Berlian
Jl. Iskandar Muda
Phone: (0653) 21256

Riza
Jl. Blok Sawah
Phone: (0653) 21527

Permai
Jl. Iskandar Muda
Phone: (0653) 21060

Tourism Office

Jl. Tengku Cik Kuota Karang No. 3, Banda Aceh. Phone. (62-651) 23691, 26206, 21108 Fax. 33723 http://www.aceh.net

1 - 8 of 11 destinasi
Weh Island

Weh Island

 

Embraced by vivid and healthy coral reefs, Weh Island is naturally untouched despite its small size and convenient access. It is another garden often...

Location: Sumatra » Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam » Kota Sabang

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The Grand Mosque of Baiturrahman

The Grand Mosque of Baiturrahman

 

With its bright white walls and majestic black domes, the 130-year old grand mosque is a magnificent site. It was here that hundreds of people...

Location: Sumatra » Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam

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Mount Leuser National Park

Mount Leuser National Park

 

Covering both resilient Nangroe Aceh Darussalam and antique North Sumatra Province, most parts of the national park rest in the lush South East Aceh...

Location: Sumatra » Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam » Kab. Aceh Tenggara

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Alas River

Alas River

 

Alas River flows directly into the Indian Ocean; it has exceptional rapids that attract whitewater rafting enthusiasts for all over the world...

Location: Sumatra » Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam » Kab. Aceh Tenggara

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Banda Aceh

Banda Aceh

 

Its auspicious position on the tip of the westernmost point of the Indonesian archipelago has made the town of Banda Aceh a recognized transit point...

Location: Sumatra » Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam » Kota Banda Aceh

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Takengon

Takengon

 

As you cruise the meandering road alongside the picturesque rift of Mount Geureundong on the way to Takengon, a small town with population no more...

Location: Sumatra » Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam » Kota Banda Aceh

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The Aceh Tsunami Museum

The Aceh Tsunami Museum

 

  On Sunday, 26th December 2004, one of the most devastating natural disasters in recorded history occurred: at 7.O am local time in...

Location: Sumatra » Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam » Kota Sabang

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The Beach at Iboih – Pulau Weh's Hidden Paradise

The Beach at Iboih – Pulau Weh's Hidden Paradise

 

All is silent as the wooden boat appears to be floating through the air, but in fact is slowly moving along the shallow waters of the Iboih Beach...

Location: Sumatra » Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam » Kota Sabang

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1 - 8 of 11 destinasi