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Home » Banjarmasin » Funeral Rites of the Dayak Maanyan in South Kalimantan

Funeral Rites of the Dayak Maanyan in South Kalimantan

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  1. Banjarmasin

  2. Banjarmasin

  3. Banjarmasin

  4. Membatur Dayak Maanyan

  5. Membatur Dayak Maanyan

  6. Membatur Dayak Maanyan

  7. Kain Sasirangan

  8. Sasirangan Fabric/Kain Sasirangan, Banjarmasin

  9. Jembatan Barito/Barito Bridge

  10. Masjid Sultan Suriansyah/Sultan Suriansyah Mosque

  11. Masjid Sabilal Muhtadin/Sabilal Muhtadin Mosque

  12. Pasar Terapung Muara Kuin/ Muara Kuin Floating Market

  13. Atraksi Mambatur Dayak Maanyan

  14. Atraksi Mambatur Dayak Maanyan

  15. Atraksi Mambatur Dayak Maanyan

  16. Atraksi Membatur Dayak Maanyan

 

Overview

If the indigenous people of Bali have the grand ngaben cremation ceremony and the Toraja have elaborate funeral traditions, the Dayak Maanyan sub ethnic group who inhabit the Warukin Village, in Tabalong Regency, South Kalimantan also have extraordinary rituals to send the soul to the afterlife at its passing away.

 

The Dayak Maanyan inhabit the area that stretches across the border between the provinces of Central Kalimantan and South Kalimantan. According to customs and way of life, the Dayak Maanyan are divided into three branches. They are the Banua Lima, Paju Ampat, and Paju sepuluh. The Dayak Maanyan of Warukin Village in South Kalimantan belong to the Banua Lima branch that has certain (although not principal) differences with the other branches.

 

Although much of this community has been converted to Islam or Christianity from their original faith of ‘Kaharingan’, nevertheless, funeral rites are one of the ancient rituals that continue to be practiced today. The Dayak Maanyan believe that every person who passes away returns to his and her “original” homeland of perfection (a similar concept to heaven or nirvana). To reach this ultimate afterlife, a series of rituals must be conducted by their descendants and living relatives to ensure that the spirit will find the way to this ultimate state. These series of rituals are in a way a process to cleanse the soul of the deceased from any faults or sins that may prevent it from entering heaven, a purification of the soul for the afterlife.

 Dayak Maanyan-Indonesia Travel

 

The stages and variety of the Dayak Maanyan funeral rites are as follows:

1. Ijambe: The burning of the bones of the deceased. The rituals take ten days and night and are highlighted with the sacrificial slaughter of bulls, pigs, and chicken. Due to its high cost, this ceremony is usually conducted by large families or generations of descendants for their ancestors.

 

2. Ngadatun: A funeral ceremony reserved especially for those who died in a non natural way (killed in battle) or for renowned figures or prominent leaders of society. The ceremony takes 7 days and nights.

 

3. Miya: A ritual ceremony at erecting the tomb for the deceased (membatur) and decorating the grave. In this ritual, food, clothing and other necessities are symbolically sent to the spirit of the deceased.

 

4. Bontang: The highest and most illustrious form of showing respect towards the deceased by the living family. This ceremony lasts 5 days and nights, when tens of pigs, hundreds of chicken, and also buffaloes are sacrificed .The essence of the ceremony is to send wealth and prosperity to the spirit of the deceased. The ritual is not a ritual of grief, but is more a festive ceremony.

 

5. Nuang Panuk: A membatur ceremony is a level lower than Miya, since it is only conducted for one night.

 

6. Siwah: The continuation of Miya which is conducted 40 days after Miya. The ritual is intended to call the spirit back to the family as a “Pangantu Pangantuhu”, to become friends and guardians of the family.

 

During these rituals, there is a unique process where in sacrificing a buffalo, the animal must first be speared before it is finally slaughtered. The ritual of spearing the buffalo is believed to express that a person must make great efforts or do strenuous work before one expect to can gain something, in a way symbolizing the process of life itself.

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 Funeral Rites of the Dayak Maanyan in South Kalimantan

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