Betung Kerihun National Park is a Wildlife Sanctuary cetrally located on the island of Kalimantan, and is the largest conservation area in the West Kalimantan province in the Heart of Borneo.
Its hilly topography spans an area of 8,000 square kilometers and encompasses 8 types of forest eco-systems, including lowland forest, old secondary forest, dipterocarpus, sub-montane and montane forest. A high level of plant diversity of over 1,200 species flourishes across the reserve, 75 of which are endemic to Kalimantan. 300 species of bird, 51 species of amphibian, 52 species of reptile, and 48 species of mammal, including the endangered orangutan reside within the parks boundaries. 24 species endemic to Kalimantan also inhabit these forests.
The many levels of ecosystems and rich biodiversity of the park have led to the discovery of several newly listed species including 13 species of palm trees. 7 species of primate populate the parks large territory such as the Maroon Leaf Monkey, Mueller’s Bornean grey Gibbon, White-fronted Leaf Monkey, Banded Leaf Monkey, and of course the Orangutan. Other commonly spotted creatures include the Sambar Deer, Western Tarsier, Sun Bear, Hairy-nosed Otter, and Larger Malay Mouse Deer. The most distinct bird species within the park are the Wreathed Hornbill and the Helmeted Hornbill, which is the largest species of hornbill and the symbol of West Kalimantan.
Local communities consisting of 8 ethnic groups exist in 12 settlements in and around the park, 2 of them within the park itself. Most communities support their livelihood through the practice of traditional agriculture, rice cultivation and wildlife hunting, with the exception of one community that sustains itself primarily from gold mining and collecting bird’s nests.
The park runs along the boundary between Indonesia and Malaysia, separated by the Muller Mountain Range, part of which constitutes the National Border. Opposite the border, lies Malaysia’s 2,000 square kilometer Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary, and combined, the two parks have been proposed to form a World Heritage Site, TheTrans-border Rainforest Heritage of Borneo.
And, together with the rainforests of Brunei Darussalam, the central forests of Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei on Borneo jointly form the Heart of Borneo, a concerted effort to preserve this huge rainforest area as planet earth’s lungs.
Hundreds of rivers encircle the Betung Kerihun National Park. Indonesia’s longest river, the Kapuas River, measures 1,143 kilometers and begins in the Park.
The Park, originally known as Bentuang Karimun, was first designated as a nature reserve by ministerial decree in 1982. Ten years later, the reserve expanded from its initial 6,000 square kilometers to 8,000. In 1995, with the involvement of the WWF, the Reserve was converted to a National Park.
Currently, the local wildlife authorities continue to work together with global conservation organizations to improve the park’s management, protect endangered species and promote sustainable a livelihood for local people through agro-forestry and ecotourism.
Photo Courtesy by Hermas Rintik Maring