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Home » Kupang on Timor: most South-eastern Gateway to the Indonesian Archipelago

Kupang on Timor: most South-eastern Gateway to the Indonesian Archipelago

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  1. Kupang

    Museum of Kupang
  2. Kupang

    A mall in Kupang
  3. Kupang

    Port in Kupang
  4. Kupang

    Oenesu Waterfall

 

Overview

During World War II, the city of Kupang , formerly known as Koepang,  on the island of Timor,  was the hub for refueling and landing for long-haul flights from Europe to Australia. The historical El Tari airstrip that was first landed by an American pilot, Lamij Johnson, in 1928 holds many stories,  more than being a mere transit lounge and fuel depot for the few fliersback then. To

During World War II, the city of Kupang , formerly known as Koepang,  on the island of Timor,  was the hub for refueling and landing for long-haul flights from Europe to Australia. The historical El Tari airstrip that was first landed by an American pilot, Lamij Johnson, in 1928 holds many stories,  more than being a mere transit lounge and fuel depot for the few fliersback then. Today, when visitors step on to the moderinising city, one can still find traces of Dutch occupation as well as a Portuguese inherited aura. For since long before Indonesia’s Independence, Timor’s western part had been colonized by the Dutch while the island’s eastern part by the Portuguese. This division orginated from the time when these two powers fought for hegemony in the lucrative spice trade

Today, Kupang is the capital city of the province of East Nusatenggara , perched in the southwestern part of Timor Island. As one of the three largest islands in East Nusatenggara, (comprising Sumba, Flores and Timor), Timor island is now shared by two independent countries. The island’s eastern part  being  the newly independent East Timor – or Timor Leste, while the island’s western part is Indonesian territory.  Its favorable position in the south-eastern most part of Indonesia, has made the city of Kupang  into the first port of entry  in Indonesian waters  from Australia,  if not yet as a tourst destination in its own right.

The Nusatenggara is a string of islands to the east of Bali, while Timor is its easternmost island in that string. Topographically, Timor differs from the rest of the East Nusatenggara islands. For the line of volcanoes that runs from Sumatra, Java, and on to other Nusatenggara islands, skips Timor and continues north to Maluku or the Moluccas. The cause of this is that unlike other Nusatenggara islands, Timor is in fact geologically related to Australia, and therefore has no volcanoes.While Its geographical location and long history and tradition make it culturally Indonesian.

Being closest than any Indonesian cities to the marinas of Australian yachts in Darwin, the lighthouse at the seaport of Kupang stands as the first milepost for participating yachtsmen in the annual Sail Indonesia event . Each year, hundreds of yachts cross the open seas from Darwin, Australia sailing to Kupang, and from here to visit many known as well as remote Indonesian islands, to finally dock in Singapore. The annual Sail Indonesia has brought the name of Koepang to the fore, recalling its fame in the early twentieth century.

 

“Indonesians laugh a lot”, said Prooke of Marlborough, UK. It’s the land of laughs and smiles.

 

People in Timor are friendly. They love to laugh as do most Indonesians on the whole. Traditionally, people in Kupang and West Timor were distinguished by their social positions.  The nobility here used to be called Amaf, the rulers Atupas, the commons Too, and slaves Ata. Today, ata no longer exist. Each of the social class had its own role to play in society. Yet, these classes share a mutual sentiment when it comes to tradition. The root of its heritage is so deep, making it difficult to trace. These deep rooted traditions even persisted through centuries of teachings of newer religions that were brought by traders or colonial rulers.

Look at the motives and patterns of their woven cloths called tenun ikat, and one can sense its age old heritage. Tenun ikat is the local craftsmanship in producing beautifully and sometimes mysteriously formed patterns on traditionally woven fabrics. Not only are the people proud of these cloths, but all Indonesians share the pride that these cloths are one of Indonesia’s most precious tangible national heritage.

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See on The Map

To Stay

Accommodation faclities here are much simpler than those in Lombok, Bali or Java, but the hospitality can equal if not better. For travelers who need to recharge themselves, one of the following accommodations offers a welcome rest:


Maya Hotel
 
Jl Sumatera 31,Solor,Kelapa Lima
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 820302 

 
Susi Hotel
 
Jl Sumatra 37,Solor,Kelapa Lima
KUPANG  







Accommodation faclities here are much simpler than those in Lombok, Bali or Java, but the hospitality can equal if not better. For travelers who need to recharge themselves, one of the following accommodations offers a welcome rest:


Maya Hotel
 
Jl Sumatera 31,Solor,Kelapa Lima
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 820302 

 
Susi Hotel
 
Jl Sumatra 37,Solor,Kelapa Lima
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 822172

Jolly Hotel 
Jl Letjen R Suprapto 22,Oebobo,Oebobo
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 821362 

 
Setia Hotel
 
Jl Kosasih 13,Bonipoi,Kelapa Lima
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 831289 

 
Surya Hotel
 
Jl Tim-Tim,Oeba,Kelapa Lima
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 822014 

 
Astiti Hotel
 
Jl Jend Sudirman 166,Kuanino,Oebobo
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 821810 

 
Dewata Hotel
 
Jl Tompello 17,Merdeka,Kelapa Lima
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 821409 

 
Laguna Hotel
 
Jl Gn Kelimutu 7-A,Merdeka,Kelapa Lima
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 833559 

 
Marina Hotel
 
Jl Jend A Yani 79,Merdeka,Kelapa Lima
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 822566


Safari Hotel
 
Jl Dr Moh Hatta 36,Fontein,Oebobo
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 821595


Sylvia Hotel
 
Jl Jend Soeharto 51-53,Naikoten I,Oebobo
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 825191 

 

Anggrek Hotel 
Jl Gn Fatuleu 2,Merdeka,Kelapa Lima
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 833707 

 
Cendana Hotel
 
Jl El Tari 23,Oebobo,Oebobo
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 821541 

 
Ina Boy Hotel
 
Jl HOS Cokroaminoto 1,Bonipoi,Kelapa Lima
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 826228 

 

Kristal Hotel 
Jl Timor Raya 59,Oeba,Kelapa Lima
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 820300 

 
Maliana Hotel
 
Jl Sumatera 35,Solor,Kelapa Lima
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 821879 

 
Nirwana Hotel
 
Jl Merpati 13,Bonipoi,Kelapa Lima
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 821617 

 
Rachmat Hotel
 
Jl Gn Lakaan 9,Solor,Kelapa Lima
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 822161

 

Charvita Hotel 
Jl WJ Lalamentik 30,Oebobo,Oebobo
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 822676 

 
Flabamor Hotel
 
Jl Jend Sudirman 21,Kuanino,Oebobo
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 832560

 
I Nyoman Hotel
 
Jl Lontar 36,Oepura,Oebobo
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 827340 

 
Salungan Hotel
 
Jl Nuri 14-A,Bonipoi,Kelapa Lima
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 831531 

 
Nusantara Hotel
 
Jl Tim-Tim 12,Oeba,Kelapa Lima
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 832434 

 
Singosari Hotel
 
Jl Hati Murni 4,Oebobo,Oebobo
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 832120 

 
Dewi Indah Hotel
 
Jl Anggur 3,Naikoten I,Oebobo
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 831003 


Palm Beach Hotel
 
Jl Tim-Tim 5,Oeba,Kelapa Lima
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 822942 

 
Tii Langga Hotel
 
Jl Yohanes,Kelapa Lima,Kelapa Lima
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 881724 

 
Cahaya Bapa Hotel
 
Jl ER Herewila 20,Naikoten I,Oebobo
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 821094

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To Buy

Pasar Inpres off Jalan Soeharto is a place where you can find many things to buy for souvenirs. Kain ikat is mostly the item they will to sell to you. One of the authentic items from Kupang is the bulky ti’i langga, a traditional conical-shaped hat.

If you happen to be in Oebobo, go to this shop to find something for your loved ones at home.
Padang Sari Souvenir
 
Jl Jend Soeharto 57,Na

Pasar Inpres off Jalan Soeharto is a place where you can find many things to buy for souvenirs. Kain ikat is mostly the item they will to sell to you. One of the authentic items from Kupang is the bulky ti’i langga, a traditional conical-shaped hat.

If you happen to be in Oebobo, go to this shop to find something for your loved ones at home.
Padang Sari Souvenir
 
Jl Jend Soeharto 57,Naikoten I,Oebobo
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 821538

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Get Around

Kupang has a type of local transport bearing a unique naming, called “Diskotik Berjalan”, or mobile discotheque. It is in fact another type of public minibus, elsewhere in Indonesia known as bemo, the moniker from becak motor. The minibus is heavily decorated to attract passersby and potential passengers. Not only is it visually ‘loud’, but it is also audibly deafening in a

Kupang has a type of local transport bearing a unique naming, called “Diskotik Berjalan”, or mobile discotheque. It is in fact another type of public minibus, elsewhere in Indonesia known as bemo, the moniker from becak motor. The minibus is heavily decorated to attract passersby and potential passengers. Not only is it visually ‘loud’, but it is also audibly deafening in a safe and entertaining way.

Do not be alarmed when you find another type of local transport in smaller cities especially in rural area like those on Savu, as bemo turns out to be a truck with two long benches in it where you can sit with no roofs whatsoever. Adventure comes with travel.

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Get There

Kupang is accessible by plane or ferries. Its historical airport, El Tari was formerly known as Penfui airstrip, having first served an American pilot, Lamij Johnson, in 1928. Penfui literally means ‘bush of cornfields’, since the airstrip’s surroundings were heavily covered with cornfields.

El Tari connects western Timor Island with other large cities in Indonesia, which includ

Kupang is accessible by plane or ferries. Its historical airport, El Tari was formerly known as Penfui airstrip, having first served an American pilot, Lamij Johnson, in 1928. Penfui literally means ‘bush of cornfields’, since the airstrip’s surroundings were heavily covered with cornfields.

El Tari connects western Timor Island with other large cities in Indonesia, which include:

 

Domestic flights:

Jakarta

Surabaya, East Java

Denpasar, Bali

Makassar, South Sulawesi

Maumere, East Nusatenggara

Waingapu, East Nusatenggara

Labuan Bajo, West Nusatenggara

Ende,East Nusatenggara

 

International flights:

Dili, East Timor

Darwin, Australia

 

 Airlines serving the city of Kupang are:

 

The Airport: Angkasa Pura I, El Tari Airport

Phone: +62 380 881 668 or 883 031, 882 032, 881 121, 881 395

Fax: +62 380 881 263

Email: pap1eltari@ntt.citramedia.net

 

Source: Sekapur Sirih Bandar Udara El Tari, Kupang NTT, 2009.

An International seaport is found only in Kupang, called the Tenau Seaport. There are several ferries from PELNI (a national commercial shipping company). They are the KM Bukit Siguntang, KM Kelimutu, KM Sirimau, and KM Awu. Please refer to the website of PT PELNI for detailed schedules.

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To Eat

What do you expect living on an island surrounded by sea? Seafood, of course. Taste the long-lived local culinary tradition . Leave the comfort of the hotel where you stay and find the corner where you can eat the local way.

Go to the 500-meter street called Jalan Garuda night food bazaar to sample the delicious grilled fish. Part of Jalan Siliwangi is also a place with open air food bazaars. The

What do you expect living on an island surrounded by sea? Seafood, of course. Taste the long-lived local culinary tradition . Leave the comfort of the hotel where you stay and find the corner where you can eat the local way.

Go to the 500-meter street called Jalan Garuda night food bazaar to sample the delicious grilled fish. Part of Jalan Siliwangi is also a place with open air food bazaars. The best food ever! That is what they call it when mentioning the food bazaar at Terminal Kota at night.

If you wish to try something other than fish, try the local food called se’I, which is smoked pork or beef. Bambu Kuning Restaurant offers one of the best se’I in Kupang.

Bintang Jaya is a Javanese restaurant with clean facilities and nice ambience. Silvia Steakhouse is also a recommended place to eat fish and chips. When it comes down to chips, jagung bose, a type of food that involves corn chips, is a treat you must not miss. Find it and taste a bite of Kupang.

Several places to discover the food that Kupang has to offer:


Teluk Restaurant
 
Jl Timor Raya Km 4,Oeba,Kelapa Lima
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 833985


Istana Restaurant
 
Jl Tim Tim 68
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 832014


Dea-Deo Restaurant
 
Jl WJ Lalamentik Mal Flobamora,Oebobo,Oebobo
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 840310


Nelayan Restaurant
 
Jl Tim Tim,Oeba,Kelapa Lima
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 823000 


Phoenik Restaurant
 
Jl Timor Raya,Oeba,Kelapa Lima
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 825688


Tanjung Restaurant
 
Jl Tim Tim 126
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 825014


Oriental Restaurant
 
Jl Timur Raya Km 6,Oeba,Kelapa Lima
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 832153 


Batu Sari Restaurant
 
Jl Ir Soeharto 16,Fontein,Oebobo
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 825836 


Prima Rasa Restaurant
 
Jl Tim-Tim 130-B,Oeba,Kelapa Lima
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 824501 


Pantai Timor Restaurant
 
Jl Sumatera 34,Solor,Kelapa Lima
KUPANG  

Phone: +62 380 825833

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To Do

During the Sail Indonesia when arriving yachts from Darwin start tying up at the flag-decorated wharf, local attractions like dances and food bazaars are shown at their best. The sailors would stay a few days to rest and observe the city with all its aroma and colors.  

At the newer Walikota section, some 6 kilometers to the east of town, or 300 meters out from the Oebolo Bus Terminal i

During the Sail Indonesia when arriving yachts from Darwin start tying up at the flag-decorated wharf, local attractions like dances and food bazaars are shown at their best. The sailors would stay a few days to rest and observe the city with all its aroma and colors.  

At the newer Walikota section, some 6 kilometers to the east of town, or 300 meters out from the Oebolo Bus Terminal is the provincial Museum of Nusatenggara. It has excellent collections of kain ikat, pottery, old currency, ritual equipment, pre-historical drawings, traditional houses, and ethnographic items of daily life.

The Kupang harbor is best viewed when you stand on a promontory, 75 meters south of the bridge on the road leading to the harbor. There, you will see tens of old houses in the area.  While the Dutch cemetery is where you can see old   gravestones.

A few minutes walk from Tenau Seaport, going eastward is a monkey forest. Unlike monkeys in Ubud, Bali, here the monkeys wiill wait for you to feed them

On a hot summer day, cooling off in a swimming pool is a good idea. Baumata is the government-run swimming pool with clean pools and lush surroundings. It can be nice spending the day here, before the merry social gatherings at night.

The Governor’s Office is also one for the first-timers’ must-visits. The statue of El Tari, the first governor of East Nusatenggara stands to accompany your pose for a momentous picture.

Unlike the posh cafes in Indonesia’s capital, Jakarta, Kupang’s best night attractions are the night warongs at the central Terminal Kota. On Saturday nights, the angkot would flock here to drop swarms of city’s migrants and locals. Bakso (beef ball) carts, worn out shops and flea market vendors are everywhere, providing authentic attractions.

If you wish to go further out of the city, you can visit:

Oesapa, a fishing village 10 kilometers from Kupang. The lives of fishermen are interesting scenes to show in your blog.

Surfing on neighbouring island Rote’s Nemberala where left-handers’ swells come in small and fun ones, and sometimes come triple the size with powerful straight from the Indian Ocean. This place is also called the T-Land. Stay there for a week if you will, as the Rotenese are friendly and hospitable.

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