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Home » Padang » Sungai Dareh Stone: The precious Sumatran Jade of Dharmasraya

Sungai Dareh Stone: The precious Sumatran Jade of Dharmasraya

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Overview

 

The Indonesian Archipelago is very blessed not only with amazing landscapes, but also with an array of natural treasures of precious rocks and gemstones that lie just below the surface.

While the Bacan Stone from the Bacan Island in North Maluku may already be better known and more popular, another equally beautiful gemstone called the Sungai Dareh Stone or the Sumatran Jade is now making worldwide reputation.

Known as “batu lumut” or “moss stones", these sparkling beauties are mostly found at the Pulau Punjung district  of the Dhramasraya Regency, in the province of  West Sumatra.

Featuring similar characters to the Jade Stone with its translucent green color, the Sungai Dareh Stone according to its gemology is categorized as Idocrase, otherwise called vesuvianite.

The Sungai Dareh Stone has at least 68 color variants with “kumbang jati” (Teak Beetle) and “Pucuk Pisang” (Banana tip) being the most popular. Color-wise, the stone also shares similarities to Emeralds, Kopas, or Yakub.

batu dareh

Another special character of the stone is that its hardness level reaches 7 in the Moch scale which has its own appeal to gemstone fanatics. The Sungai Dareh Stone is, moreover,  believed to radiate certain positive energy for those who wear it. That is why the stone fetches high price after being polished and carved into various jewels such as rings or necklaces.

The price of a Sungai Dareh Stone, weighing from 2 to 40 gram, can fetch from IDR100,000 to millions of Rupiahs. The stone has actually been on the market for at least 50 years, however, for the past 10 years its popularity has risen rapidly which also increased its price significantly. Nowadays the gemstone has spread not only within West Sumatra but also to Medan, Pekanbaru, the islands of Java and Kalimantan.

batu dareh

The Sungai Dareh Stone can be found at many of the gemstone craft shops at Pulau Punjung, at Dharmasraya. Having been made the  icon of the regency, the Sungai Dareh Stone makes the perfect souvenir of the time spent in West Sumatra. For a complete experience, you can also observe how the stone is cut and polished and then transformed into fascinating jewelry.

Sungai Dareh or the Dareh River itself is located in the Nagari Sungai Dareh, at Pulau Punjung. The Nagari Sungai Dareh and Pulau Punjung Area are separated by the Batanghari River which flows through these areas.

According to local story, the Dareh River did not at first  originate from the Batanghari River, but instead it had its source in  the Rawang Laweh, which during  rainstorms has strong currents that can carry and  drift a buffalo. The local people, therefore, created a stream that connected the Dareh River to the Batanghari River to channel the strong flows. 

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Sungai Dareh Stone: The precious Sumatran Jade of Dharmasraya

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